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Author Nancy J. Cohen discusses the writing process and life as a Florida resident.

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Five Stages of Writing

Posted by Nancy J. Cohen on May 31, 2016

Writing a book these days has five stages. It used to be that you wrote the book, polished your work, and submitted it to a publisher. Then you were done, except for edits, proofreading your ARCs, and some promotion. Now you have many more choices in the publishing arena. Many of us face the challenges of Discovery, Writing, Revision, Production, and Marketing.

Stage One: Discovery

Discovery is the process by which you discover your story. Bits and pieces of character and plot swirl around in your subconscious. Consider it creative energy at play rather than feeling guilty that you’re not being productive. This is the break you need before starting the next novel. It’s necessary to refill your creative well and to gather ideas. Doing a collage, watching movies, listening to music, working on a hobby, walking outdoors, or reading for pleasure are some of the ways you can stimulate your creativity. Search for relevant articles to your story and match photos to your characters on the royalty-free image sites. Explore related issues that interest you or look through your files for inspiration. Often this prep time can take weeks, or it can take a month or two. Be sure to factor this in when you set deadlines.

idea

Stage Two: Writing

When these ideas coalesce in your head and your characters begin to talk to you, you’re ready to begin writing. This is when I write my synopsis. The outline acts a writing guideline, so I always know where I’m going even if I don’t know how to get there. This still allows for the element of surprise. The plot may change as the story develops. If so, I’ll revise the synopsis later. I may also keep a chapter-by-chapter outline, after I’ve written the chapter. It gives a quick summary of what’s happened, who has said what and to whom, and what day of the week it is. I used to do this on a poster-size plotting chart but now do it online.

Set yourself daily and weekly writing goals. I have to do a minimum of 5 pages a day or 25 pages per week. Don’t stop to revise your work. Keep going straight through to the end. Once the book is written, you can fix it. Just get those words down on paper during the storytelling phase.

writer

Stage Three: Revisions

When you finish the first draft, put your book aside to gain some distance from it. You’ll want to have a fresh outlook when you start line edits. Use this interval to jot notes for your sequel, do some preliminary research for the next book, plan your promo campaign, write reader discussion questions, create a book trailer, or determine blog topics for your virtual tour.

When you find yourself eager to tackle the story again, get ready for the heavy revisions. Once you begin, keep going, or you’ll lose your sense of continuity. Allow a month or two for this process. Let’s say you have a 300 page book. Plan to edit at least 10 pages a day for one month. This might not seem like much, but you are examining the text word-by-word and rereading it until it’s perfect. Then voilà, you’ll be done in a month. Put the book aside for another couple of weeks. Then turn to it again. This time, look for repetitions and inconsistencies. Here are some items to address.

At some point, you’ll be too close to the material to see straight or too sick of the project to work on it again. Then the book is ready to submit, whether to a freelance editor or to a publishing house. You’ll have a chance to fix things later when you get your edits back and put the work through a last round of proofreading.

editing

Stage Four: Production

If you have a traditional publisher, this is when you wait for the cover art and the ARCs. You don’t have much say in the book’s production, other than filling out an art sheet if your publisher requires one. However, if you are indie publishing, now is when you’ll add front and back materials to your manuscript. You’ll need to hire a cover artist. Decide if you’ll hire a formatter, do it yourself, or go through one of the third-party aggregates. Convert your work into the appropriate format and upload it to vendors. Read more about this phase here.

Kindle Paperwhite

Stage Five: Marketing

It isn’t enough to write a book. You have to throw yourself onto the self-promotional train and embrace technology. As you write your novel, keep in mind the potential marketing tie-ins. Is there a swag item that relates to the story? A blog topic related to your research? Make decisions about doing a virtual tour, a book launch party, an advertising campaign. Book ads ahead of time and solicit endorsements. If you have a trad or small press publisher, they can help you. But you’ll still be doing many of these activities yourself. Reinforce your brand with everything you do. Update your website and be active on social media. Give yourself an allotted time period, like two weeks, just to plan your promotional campaign. And while you’re in this phase, you can begin Stage One for the next book all over again. Go here for a Book Promotion Countdown Checklist

Proofs

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Each stage is valuable, and you should take the time you need. Be sure to assess your activity later on to see what worked and what didn’t. Then put your Butt in Chair and Hands on Keyboard and get cracking on the next book. Now here’s a question for you. Which of these phases consumes the most amount of your time?

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27 Responses to “Five Stages of Writing”

  1. Definitely the marketing, because there is no “the end”.

  2. Nicely covered, Nancy. You make it sound organized and easy.

  3. An excellent discussion, Nancy. I have to agree with Terry, for me marketing and promotion are the most time-consuming–and certainly for me the most difficult.

  4. Excellent essay. I have to agree regarding setting daily & weekly goals. This is the best advice I ever received, and I pass it along every chance I get. Personally, I find that writing and revising take the most time but are also the most enjoyable. Marketing is time consuming, and definitely my least favorite.

    • Good points, Steven, thanks for sharing. Some authors like marketing; others would rather just write the next book. We need to achieve the proper balance, and that’s an individual thing.

  5. By far the hardest part for me is the first draft. We’re told to plunk our butts in the chair and write. To me, this sometimes feels like telling a student pilot, “Just sit in the seat and fly the plane.” I’ve looked for tips and hints on how to “just write”, but they seem lacking–perhaps because no one wants to revel just how terrible their terrible first draft is. A subject for another post, perhaps?

    • You’re talking about plotting. I write a synopsis before writing chapter one, so I know where I’m going in the story. Chapter-by-chapter outlines can help as well. You seem to be struggling with the “seat of the pants” method and might be more of a plotter. Perhaps you need to sit and plot out your story beforehand. Here are some tips on synopsis writing: https://nancyjcohen.wordpress.com/2013/05/27/writing-the-smart-synopsis/ Your story can still have surprises, in which case you’ll go back and revise the synopsis when you’re done. Make sure before you write each scene that you know what needs to happen there.

  6. I love the revision phase. I suck at marketing.

  7. Stephanie said

    Terrific Post! Very informative for your readers. There’s so much more that goes into being a writer nowadays. Good Luck to you in the future. You’ve definitely got another reader in me. I love your covers!

    • Thanks so much, Stephanie. Yes, things have changed since I started writing. We have more choices now, but we also have much more work to do. As for my covers…I love them, too!

  8. One day I hope to go through all 5 steps! I’d love to do the last one most – I seem to start writing, put it aside for family obligations and don’t find my way back. Hoping one day I can focus for longer than an hour at a time to write!

    • You have to take your writing seriously for others to treat it that way. Carve an hour into your day and make that inviolate. Then stretch it to two, time permitting.

  9. Concise and to the point! You make it look so easy! (and romantic!)

    • Not easy and not romantic. It’s nose to the grindstone from dawn to dusk. Seriously, I work 12 hours a day at this career, and little of that is actual writing. It’s fan feedback and love of storytelling that keeps me going.

  10. I am really impressed with the information provided. I am not an author and had no idea what was involved in the process. Thanks.

  11. This is a nice, succinct article on the writing/publishing process. I think every writer has at least a couple of these stages that s/he wants to skimp on. I’ve been careful to keep learning about the latter stages while I continue to work through the earlier ones. As I used to tell my college students, “Writing is a process, not an event.”

  12. […] the Discovery phase of your novel, which I discuss in my post on Five Stages of Writing, you’ll begin formulating the characters. If you’re writing a mystery series, you may already […]

  13. […] Writing the Mystery – Whodunit Writing the Mystery – Whydunit Five Stages of Writing […]

  14. jushaw said

    Nancy, how do you outline on the internet now?

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